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Introduction :

         Mahatma Gandhi, was probably the first among our leaders to promote rural development in India. On March 30, 1946 at the Prayer meeting at Urulikanchan before leaving for Delhi for final negotiation with the British, Gandhiji reiterated that we cannot retain power in Delhi without developing rural India. His concept of rural development meant self-reliance with least dependence on outsiders. Multidimensional development of a particular village is not possible within a day or two. It needs people's participation and also attitudinal changes among the villagers.

           The study describes a "Village Adoption Scheme" as a model for energising the rural economy in India and to slow down rural - urban migration which research has shown to be harmful to both; rural and urban people of India and their regions. The work under this scheme presented here is designed to use the resources existing in social, traditional, cultural, legal, ethnic, religious, economic and political layers of the rural society and seeks to enable the region to build upon them to generate resources. The scheme describes implementation of the different programs in Babhulgaon region of rural India Maharashtra state and suggests the conditions, which would be needed to prevail if the approach were to be extended. The scheme describes the scale of the programs and also the lessons learnt from the endeavour, which would help those who plan to use the model described. 

        The Village Adoption scheme provides an opportunity to understand the factors that are responsible for under-development in a village, despite plethora of programmes / schemes in vogue. They also get familiar with the interventions, participatory interaction, understanding the prevailing situation, mobilization of community, initiate participatory processes, establishing linkages among line departments etc. which are likely to strengthen the process of development and ensure poverty reduction and strengthen natural resources management. The process of Village Adoption is thus an experimentation and involvement of faculty members to drive the process of development in a selected villages. Given the emphasis on involvement of faculty members at grass-root level by adopting specific villages, preferably from back-ward area, as well as keeping the experience of first phase of Village Adoption work.

         The village adoption provides an opportunity to academicians, policy makers and civil society, to get sensitised and understand the problems and social dynamics that exist at the grass root level and assimilate the facilitating/catalysing factors responsible for building sustainable and cohesive communities through inspiring, igniting, educating and enabling them to develop by utilising multiple opportunities with special focus on disadvantaged sector. The village adoption will also empower the faculty for better training, research and thus rural development. That is why Shivshakti Arts and Commerce College, Babhulgaon has decided from session 2016-17 to adopt four nearby villages namely Gimona, Malapur,Mangul and Antargaon.


Objectives :

  1. To inspire the rural communities to dream, plan, mobilise forces and resources for sustainable development of each member who can realise his/her full potential and create such ecosystem for positive behavioural transformation 

  2. To seek positive transformation and to engender progressive changes in the communities through alternative development models that are participatory, sustainable and inclusive 

  3. To render service to the larger community by creating and sustaining a culture of cooperative living for inclusive and sustainable development. 

  4. To empower marginalised and vulnerable groups in the village particularly the elderly, the women, the youth and the children of the community.

  5. To generate awareness on gender issues and social issues like literacy, health & hygiene, sanitation, safe drinking water, livelihood options etc. 

  6. Creation of sustainable livelihood opportunities 

  7. Access to rights and entitlements 

  8. Make the adopted village a “knowledge hub” that can attract resources for the development of other villages in its vicinity.


Context :

         Maximum students admitted to our college are from nearby villages only. They are the first generation of their families who took education and try to complete their graduation and post-graduation. Their parents and guardians are illiterate farmers, labors, working at farm elsewhere. So they are suffering fro many educational problems. So at least to make them aware about following issues we adopted above mentioned four villages.

The different types of programs may be detailed as given below:

  • Including hygienic behaviour & Practices (toilets, bathrooms and designated spaces for washing and drying clothes)

  • Fostering daily habits including physical exercises and games

  • Reducing Substance Abuse (alcoholism, smoking etc.)

  • Gender sensitization

  • Immunization

  • Population groups by age & sex

  • Food habits & Nutrition aspects (with a focus on children, adolescent girls, pregnant women and lactating mothers)

  • Universal and equal access to education facilities

  • Awareness generation

  • Environment

  • Social mobilisation

  • Skill development in agricultural practices

  • Watershed development along with water literacy

  • Encourage participation of community in water and sanitation management.

  • Sensitizing the key community leaders on sustainable rural livelihoods

  • digital transaction.


Selection of Villages:

  • The criteria for selecting the village is its backwardness in terms of accessing government sponsored development/welfare programmes etc. Hence, while selecting the villages the faculty members concerned may access the statistical profile of the Block and then narrow down to the village.

  • The statistical profile may be based on demographic profile, agriculture production, land-use pattern, incidence of basic amenities, incidence of weaker sections, agriculture and allied sector, performance in implementation of welfare/development programmes etc.

  • It was decided by the principal under his chairmanship in the meeting to adopt four villages near by the college and it was supported by the teaching and non-teaching staff. As these villages are nearby to the college and also they fit in the above mentioned criteria for the selection of village for "village adoption scheme".